Valentina Visconti, duchess of Orleans,
Ownership Confirmed (pre-1402-1408) by Archival Mention.
Ownership Confirmed (1408-1465?) by Inventory.
Marie of Cleves, duchess of Orleans,
Ownership Possible (1465?-1487) by Inventory.
Louis XII of France,
Ownership Confirmed (1487?-1515) by Inventory.
Shultz, Christopher R. "The Artistic and Literary Patronage of Louis of Orleans and His Wife, Valentine Visconti, 1389-1408." (Ph.D. diss., Emory University, 1977).
Champion, Pierre. La Librairie de Charles d'Orléans (Paris, 1910; repr. Geneva: Slatkine Reprints, 1975).