Louis Duke of Orléans,
Ownership Confirmed (1396-1407) by Arms.
Valentina Visconti, duchess of Orleans,
Ownership Possible (1407-1408) by Other.
Ownership Confirmed (1408-1465) by Inventory.
Marie of Cleves, duchess of Orleans,
Ownership Confirmed (1465-1487) by Inventory.
Louis XII of France,
Ownership Confirmed (1501-1515) by Inscription.
Shultz, Christopher R. "The Artistic and Literary Patronage of Louis of Orleans and His Wife, Valentine Visconti, 1389-1408." (Ph.D. diss., Emory University, 1977).